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"The refinery sector has faced structural changes over the last decade. The lighter types of crude oil have become more and more rare and are increasingly substituted by heavier types of crude oil."
At the same time, market demand for diesel (an increasingly common substitute for gasoline as a propellant) has grown quickly. On the contrary the demand for fuel oil, used in electricity generation and maritime transport, is decreasing and expected to decrease further (due to its substitution in these uses through more environmentally-friendly technologies). The EU is a net importer of diesel and an exporter of gasoline (mainly to the US market which is expected to shrink).
Projetos de Refinarias - EU State Aid